International Association of Scientific and Technological University Libraries

IATUL News Alerts

Archive March 2014

Participatory Design in Academic Libraries: New Reports and Findings

Friday, 28 March 2014 2:22:40 p.m.

This report looks at how staff at eight academic institutions gained new insight about how students and faculty use their libraries, and how the staff are using these findings to improve library technologies, space, and services.
Participatory design is a relatively recent approach to understanding library user behavior. It is based on techniques used in anthropological and ethnographic observation. The report's editor, anthropologist Nancy Fried Foster, led several participatory design workshops for CLIR from 2007 to 2013.
The report is based on a series of presentations at the second CLIR Seminar on Participatory Design of Academic Libraries, held at the University of Rochester’s River Campus June 5-7, 2013. Chapters focus on projects at the University of Colorado, Boulder; Colby College; University of Connecticut; Columbia University; Rush University Medical Center; Purdue University; Northwestern University; and the University of Rochester. David Lindahl, of the University of Missouri-Kansas City, provided the keynote.
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Environmental Scan of OERs, MOOCs, and Libraries: What Effectiveness and Sustainability Means for Librariesí Impact on Open Education

Friday, 28 March 2014 2:18:10 p.m.

This research report introduces and provides background on the open educational resources (OER) and massive open online course (MOOC) movements and investigates the effectiveness and challenges to sustainability of each. The report will be of interest to those who are seeking to learn about OERs and MOOCs, as well as to those for whom the roles of librarians in the realm of open education is an interest, and includes a substantial set of references for further investigation.
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The Ithaka S+R 2013 US Library Survey

Friday, 28 March 2014 2:16:29 p.m.

Today's academic libraries are experiencing broad challenges and opportunities alike. Local print collections are losing their primacy as remotely accessed online resources increase in importance; new discovery services have changed the library's role as a gateway for researchers; and the introduction of computational research methods has yielded demand for innovative and customized services and relationships. More broadly, colleges and universities are grappling with their roles and responsibilities in the community—online and hybrid pedagogies continue to develop, and cost-of-education sensitivity is yielding growing scrutiny about the outcomes of their educational offerings. As a response to these environmental changes, library leaders are being called upon to assert the value of their organizations while developing services and strategies that will offer sustained value.
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Is a Rational Discussion of Open Access Possible?

Friday, 28 March 2014 1:50:50 p.m.

lecture presented at the Smithsonian Libraries on March 10, 2014 by Rick Anderson, Associate Dean for Scholarly Resources & Collections in the J. Willard Marriott Library at the University of Utah.

First, here’s the problem: scholarly information costs money. It costs money to create it by doing research; having done the research, it then costs money to turn the results into a publishable document; having turned the results into a publishable document, it then costs money to make the document available to the world and to keep it that way.
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RLUK issues guidance on the nature of future big deals and double dipping

Friday, 28 March 2014 1:45:58 p.m.

Research Libraries UK (RLUK) has published two framework papers outlining the expectations of the RLUK membership in relation to future journal big deal negotiations. The documents form part of the mandate that RLUK members give to Jisc Collections to negotiate collectively on their behalf.
The first paper relates to pricing. It notes that in an environment in which the costs of software, hardware and communications are falling, RLUK is concerned to see some publishers proposing inflation-busting price rises.  We expect publishers to make efficiencies – as universities have – and for them to pass some of those efficiencies on to customers.  As such, we expect to see cash price rises of no more than 1%.  Further, RLUK members will not accept increased prices based on addition journal titles unless there is an option to take a like-for-like package.
The second paper addresses double-dipping. As the UK continues to invest significantly in Gold Open Access we are aware that our members are paying twice for content – once through article processing charges and once through subscriptions. RLUK members expect that publishers will prevent this occurring by offsetting APC payments by universities against subscription payments — otherwise an unsustainable burden will fall on research intensive institutions.
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BitTorrent and Libraries: Cooperative Data Publishing, Management and Discovery

Friday, 28 March 2014 1:44:05 p.m.

The evolution of Open Data depends on the use of new technologies that not only allow equal access to information, but equal access to the distribution and redistribution of public knowledge. An open API offers only the illusion of transparency—for data to truly be free, librarians must look towards their audience as digital collaborators, rather than simply end users. Thankfully, the tools to create a global, decentralized, peer-to-peer information network for massive amounts of data has been hiding under our nose the entire time. In this opinion piece we explore the opportunities afforded by the BitTorrent protocol. We also discuss what happens when libraries adopt a distributed, grassroots approach to data management that saves money and lays the groundwork for online community.
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